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The work at the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) has included plans to propose a global minimum tax. While negotiations are ongoing, it is worth considering a design for the minimum tax that would be neutral toward investment decisions and minimize complexity and compliance costs. Over the summer, a draft of an OECD
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Key Findings Implemented in 1991, Sweden’s carbon tax was one of the first in the world, second only to Finland’s carbon tax, which was implemented a year earlier. Sweden levies the highest carbon tax rate in the world, at SEK 1,190 (US $126) per metric ton of CO2. The tax is primarily levied on fossil
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Today, the House Republican Study Committee released a proposal to address education, labor, and welfare policy with the aim of expanding opportunity, liberty, and free enterprise for all Americans. Among the 118 policy recommendations by the task force in the “Reclaiming the American Dream” white paper are several tax policy changes across the education, labor,
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As the economic crisis driven by the pandemic has continued, a troubling trend in tax policy discussions has arisen. It is common these days to hear finance ministers refer to tax increases that would be narrowly targeted at a particular business model or industry simply based on the fact that those businesses appear to be
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A recent report from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on tax reforms during the past year reveals a tendency towards higher property taxes, often in the form of base broadening, tax rate increases, or both. Even though countries have increasingly targeted property taxes as a source of revenue, on average, they still
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In 2017, Value-Added Tax (VAT) accounted for 62.3 percent of consumption tax revenues in the OECD on average, making it an important source of government revenue. The European Commission (EC) recently published the latest version of their annual report on the “VAT Gap” in 2018 for the 28 Member States of the European Union at
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The economic downturn of the coronavirus pandemic that struck back in March left millions of Americans without jobs. Currently, more than 22 million people are collecting unemployment benefits — much of which is a direct result of the country shutdown. And while the CARES Act offered some relief to those impacted by the economy closure through
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In an increasingly globalized world, many individuals and corporations work and do business abroad. As a result, jurisdictions need to define how income earned in foreign countries is taxed. Otherwise, income could be taxed in more than one country, resulting in double taxation. To avoid this, countries negotiate double tax agreements (DTAs). Tax treaties usually
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If you’re a small business owner, you’re likely dealing with the many ongoing financial implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and searching for ways to minimize the impact it has on your business. One of the ways you can find financial relief during this time is through the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA)’s Debt Relief program.
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On March 27, 2020, the U.S. Congress passed the $2 trillion Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act in order to provide fast, direct financial assistance for American families, small businesses and workers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The main stimulus program for small businesses found in the CARES Act is the Paycheck Protection
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High-tax countries create an incentive for companies to finance investments with debt because interest payments are tax-deductible, which is usually not the case for equity costs. This encourages global businesses to lend money internally from entities in low-tax countries to entities in high-tax countries. Tax savings in high-tax countries can exceed the increased tax paid
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High-net-worth individuals are being identified by tax policymakers these days in various ways. While Portugal recently approved a 10 percent tax on foreign pension income, putting an end to the tax-free regime for foreigners approved during the financial crisis, Greece is looking into attracting foreigners with tax reductions. In order to transfer their tax residency
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Many businesses around the world operate in more than one country, making them subject to multiple tax jurisdictions. To prevent businesses from minimizing their tax liability by taking advantage of cross-country differences in taxation, countries have implemented various anti-tax avoidance measures, one known as Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) rules. CFC rules apply to certain income
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Countries around the world are experiencing a sharp downturn in economic activity as an impact of the COVID-19 health crisis. To cushion the immediate liquidity effects of containment and mitigation policies, governments responded rapidly with emergency tax and fiscal policy measures. As these short-term measures are starting to expire, policymakers are increasingly looking at mid-
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Up until now value-added taxes (VAT) were considered to be highly regressive taxes. Numerous studies have found that VAT appears to be regressive when measured as a percentage of current income. Nevertheless, a recent OECD paper used household expenditures microdata from 27 OECD countries to reassess this often-made conclusion that VAT is regressive. Value-added taxes
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As with capital investment, businesses cannot immediately deduct the full cost of inventory purchases against taxable income. Instead, the cost of inventories is deducted when sold. The deduction amount depends on the inventory valuation method. Today’s map shows which of the three inventory valuation methods European OECD countries require their businesses to use for tax
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Key Findings The fiscal responses to the COVID-19 pandemic will require policymakers to consider what revenue resources should be used to fill budget gaps. Tax policy experts have proposed wealth taxes, (global) corporate minimum taxes, excess profits taxes, and digital taxes as opportunities for governments to raise new revenues. Instead of designing novel taxes, however,
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